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The Case for Speculation in the U.S. Crude Oil Market

The Case for Speculation in the U.S. Crude Oil Market PDF Author: Mary Grace Flannery
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 74

Book Description
Volatile oil prices in the United States in recent years have led to a focus on speculation in the crude oil markets. Some legislators and the public place the blame for high oil prices on speculators and aim to impose greater regulation on this category of traders. However, do speculators influence price in the crude oil market, or can fundamental factors sufficiently explain the price of crude oil? This thesis examines the pros and cons of speculative activity in the U.S. crude oil market, conducts a quantitative analysis to determine the relationship between speculative activity and crude oil prices, discusses proposed legislation, and endorses selected legislation for greater disclosure of OTC derivatives.

The Case for Speculation in the U.S. Crude Oil Market

The Case for Speculation in the U.S. Crude Oil Market PDF Author: Mary Grace Flannery
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 74

Book Description
Volatile oil prices in the United States in recent years have led to a focus on speculation in the crude oil markets. Some legislators and the public place the blame for high oil prices on speculators and aim to impose greater regulation on this category of traders. However, do speculators influence price in the crude oil market, or can fundamental factors sufficiently explain the price of crude oil? This thesis examines the pros and cons of speculative activity in the U.S. crude oil market, conducts a quantitative analysis to determine the relationship between speculative activity and crude oil prices, discusses proposed legislation, and endorses selected legislation for greater disclosure of OTC derivatives.

The Role of Market Speculation in Rising Oil and Gas Prices

The Role of Market Speculation in Rising Oil and Gas Prices PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Natural gas
Languages : en
Pages : 49

Book Description


Understanding Oil Prices

Understanding Oil Prices PDF Author: Salvatore Carollo
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119962722
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 200

Book Description
It’s a fair bet that most of what you think you know about oil prices is wrong. Despite the massive price fluctuations of the past decade, the received wisdom on the subject has remained fundamentally unchanged since the 1970s. When asked, most people – including politicians, financial analysts and pundits – will respond with a tired litany of reasons ranging from increased Chinese and Indian competition for diminishing resources and tensions in the Middle East, to manipulation by OPEC and exorbitant petrol taxes in the EU. Yet the facts belie these explanations. For instance, what really happened in late 2008 when, in just a few weeks, oil prices plummeted from $144 dollars to $37 dollars a barrel? Did Chinese and Indian demand suddenly dry up? Did Middle East conflicts magically resolve themselves? Did OPEC flood the market with crude? In each case the answer is a definitive no – quite the opposite in fact. Industry expert Salvatore Carollo explains that the truth behind today’s increasingly volatile oil market is that over the past two decades oil prices have come untethered from all classical notions of supply and demand and have transcended any country’s, consortium’s, cartel’s, or corporate entity’s powers to control them. At play is a subtler, more complex game than most analysts realise (or are unwilling to admit to), a very dangerous game involving runaway financial speculation, self-defeating government policymaking and a concerted disinvestment in refinery capacity among the oil majors. In Understanding Oil Prices Carollo identifies the key players in this dangerous game, exploring their competing interests and motivations, their moves and countermoves. Beginning with the 1976 oil embargo and moving through the 1986 Chernobyl incident, the implementation of the US Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, and the precipitous expansion of the oil futures market since the turn of the century, he traces the vast structural changes which have occurred within the oil industry over the past four decades, identifying their economic, social and geopolitical drivers, and analysing their fallout in the global economy. He explores the oil industry’s decision to scale down refining capacity in the face of increasing demand and the effects of global shortages of petrol, diesel, jet fuel, fuel oil, chemical feedstocks, lubricants and other essential finished products, and describes how, beginning in the year 2000, the oil futures market detached itself almost completely from the crude market, leading to the assetization of oil, and the crippling impact reckless speculation in oil futures has had on the global economy. Finally he proposes new, more sophisticated models that economists and financial analysts can use to make sense of today’s oil market, while offering industry leaders and government policymakers prescriptions for stabilising the market to ensure a relatively steady flow of affordable oil. A concise, authoritative guide to understanding the complex, oft misunderstood oil markets, Understanding Oil Prices is an important resource for energy market participants, commodity traders and investors, as well as business journalists and government policymakers alike.

Big Fish

Big Fish PDF Author: Alessandro Cologni
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Electronic book
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description


Crude Oil Pricing

Crude Oil Pricing PDF Author: Michael Hall Yan
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 104

Book Description
This paper is intended to better understand the effects of speculation on crude oil prices. While speculation has many benefits such as increasing market liquidity and bearing market risks that other wish to offset, speculation can also create unwanted market volatility and economic bubbles. During the past decade, crude oil prices have been extremely volatile causing increased controversy between investors and regulators regarding the role that oil speculation has played in the price of crude oil. This report examines the relationship between crude oil spot and futures prices to determine the role arbitragers, speculators, and hedgers have had in crude oil pricing.

Oil Price Volatility and the Role of Speculation

Oil Price Volatility and the Role of Speculation PDF Author: Samya Beidas-Strom
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498333486
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 34

Book Description
How much does speculation contribute to oil price volatility? We revisit this contentious question by estimating a sign-restricted structural vector autoregression (SVAR). First, using a simple storage model, we show that revisions to expectations regarding oil market fundamentals and the effect of mispricing in oil derivative markets can be observationally equivalent in a SVAR model of the world oil market à la Kilian and Murphy (2013), since both imply a positive co-movement of oil prices and inventories. Second, we impose additional restrictions on the set of admissible models embodying the assumption that the impact from noise trading shocks in oil derivative markets is temporary. Our additional restrictions effectively put a bound on the contribution of speculation to short-term oil price volatility (lying between 3 and 22 percent). This estimated short-run impact is smaller than that of flow demand shocks but possibly larger than that of flow supply shocks.

Speculation in the Crude Oil Market

Speculation in the Crude Oil Market PDF Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Electronic government information
Languages : en
Pages : 251

Book Description


The Role of Financial Speculation in the World Crude Oil Market

The Role of Financial Speculation in the World Crude Oil Market PDF Author: Yan Hu
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781369681000
Category : Futures market
Languages : en
Pages : 109

Book Description
When the crude oil price rocketed to $147 per barrel in July 2008 and then dropped to as low as $30 per barrel in December 2008, it catalyzed a hot debate about the factors of oil price fluctuations. A large number of papers argue that the main driver of the oil price fluctuations from 2003 to 2008 was due to economic fundamentals in the form of rapidly growing oil demand with stagnant oil supply. However, a different view is that speculation in the oil futures market caused the oil price to drift away from the level justified by the fundamental market forces of demand and supply because a large amount of investment flowed to the oil futures market during this period. This dissertation links the oil financial and spot markets through the oil futures-spot price spread and investigates if the financial activity in the oil futures market plays a critical role in oil spot price fluctuations between 2003 and 2008. In addition, this dissertation also discusses the recent oil price drop since July 2014 and studies whether the main driver of this recent oil price change is similar to that of the oil price change in 2008. ☐ Unlike other related literature that uses standard structural VAR, this dissertation applies a Time Varying Parameter Vector Autoregression (TVP-VAR) model with stochastic volatilities that can capture both time-varying relationships between economic aggregates and time-varying impacts of different oil shocks. This approach disentangles the oil financial speculation shock from economic fundamental shocks. In the meantime, the findings of the TVP-VAR model are compared with those of the Bayesian VAR with stochastic volatilities (BVAR-SV) model, a benchmark model in this dissertation, to see if incorporating time-varying coefficients in the model can give better results. The results of the comparison show that the time variations in coefficients are insignificant and imposing time varying coefficients in the model not only increases the estimation computation work load but also affects the model’s estimation accuracy. Therefore, the conclusion in this dissertation comes from the results of the BVAR-SV model. The results imply that the large proportion of the oil price changes from 2003 to 2008 can be explained by the oil demand shock but this proportion has been decreasing since 2005. In addition, the contribution of the oil financial speculation shock has increased substantially in recent years. In sum, the main driver of oil price change is oil demand from 2003 to 2008, whereas the main driver from 2014 to 2015 is oil financial speculation in the oil futures market.

Fundamentals, Speculation, and the Pricing of Crude Oil Futures

Fundamentals, Speculation, and the Pricing of Crude Oil Futures PDF Author: Thomas Hoehl
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656047715
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 90

Book Description
Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Economics - Finance, grade: 8,0, Maastricht University (School of Business and Economics), language: English, abstract: This study finds that while a large part of the variation in crude oil futures prices is driven by fundamental factors, financial investment and speculation has the potential to aggravate reactions to changing fundamental variables and furthermore move prices on its own. The evidence is gathered by performing linear regressions and Granger Causality tests on futures returns, position data of different categories of futures traders on the New York Mercantile Exchange and proxies for relevant fundamental factors such as equity and exchange rate returns gathered from August 2006 to December 2010. While higher prices for crude oil naturally come along with increasing physical demand and finite world supply, future regulation might temper market volatility and guarantee that prices reflect a sustainable physical market equilibrium. The study also gives an overview of commodity market regulation and position limits on futures markets.

Oil Price Volatility and the Role of Speculation

Oil Price Volatility and the Role of Speculation PDF Author: Samya Beidas-Strom
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498303846
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 34

Book Description
How much does speculation contribute to oil price volatility? We revisit this contentious question by estimating a sign-restricted structural vector autoregression (SVAR). First, using a simple storage model, we show that revisions to expectations regarding oil market fundamentals and the effect of mispricing in oil derivative markets can be observationally equivalent in a SVAR model of the world oil market à la Kilian and Murphy (2013), since both imply a positive co-movement of oil prices and inventories. Second, we impose additional restrictions on the set of admissible models embodying the assumption that the impact from noise trading shocks in oil derivative markets is temporary. Our additional restrictions effectively put a bound on the contribution of speculation to short-term oil price volatility (lying between 3 and 22 percent). This estimated short-run impact is smaller than that of flow demand shocks but possibly larger than that of flow supply shocks.